Keeping Young Athletes Healthy with Sports Physicals
According to the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA), nearly eight million students currently participate in high school athletics in the United States. more children regularly participate in other organized sports, including soccer, baseball, softball, team swimming, cheerleading, dance gymnastics, among others.
Parents can give their young athletes a leading edge by scheduling physical with one of our pediatric specialists at Skagit Regional Health. We believe that young athletes need a one-on-one physical examination with their own pediatrician or family doctor before any athletic season begins. Our doctors have the expertise and knowledge to diagnose and treat medical problems early on so your athlete does not miss a game.
What Is Physical?
According to the American Academy of Pediatrics, key features of a sports physical exam should include:
Taking the Medical History
This part of the sports physical examination reviews your child’s medical history and any past issues, including:
- A complete medical history
- Any current medications
- Current or prior history of illnesses such as asthma, diabetes or epilepsy
- Past injuries such as concussions, sprains or bone fractures
- Past incidences of fatigue, fainting, dizziness, chest pain or trouble breathing during exercise
- Previous hospitalizations or surgeries
- Serious illnesses among other family members
Performing the Physical Examination
During the physical part of the sports physical exam, the doctor will:
- Check , lungs, abdomen, ears, nose throat
- Evaluate posture, joints, strength flexibility
- Record height and weight
- Take blood pressure and pulse
- Test vision
Preventing Injuries with Further Evaluation
Sudden cardiac death is the leading cause of death in young athletes. That’s why it is necessary to get a qualified pediatrician or family doctor to check out your child before the season begins. Young athletes may need further evaluation and tests if any of the following are found:
- A family member with a history of premature death – sudden or otherwise
- A history of abnormal heartbeat, heart murmur or high blood pressure
- A history of chest pain, dizziness or fainting
- A significant disability from cardiovascular disease in close relatives younger than 50 years old
- Abnormal shortness of breath or fatigue during exercise
- Heart and/or eye problems experienced by a student-athlete who is unusually tall, especially if being tall is not common in other family members.